Egypt’s banks braced for pandemic influence


Banque du Caire, considered one of Egypt’s state-owned banks, was days from asserting its long-anticipated preliminary public providing in March. Then coronavirus scuttled the plan to drift as much as 1 / 4 of its shares on the Egyptian Trade.

Tarek Fayed, chairman of the financial institution, which has undergone intensive restructuring in recent times, says a brand new date will rely upon enhancements in markets: “Hopefully it may be in 2021.”

The pandemic might have delayed the IPO which aimed to lift some $500m, however Mr Fayed stays upbeat concerning the efficiency of the financial institution, regardless of the slowing economic system on account of Covid-19.

“Our internet working income has elevated by 24 and 25 per cent within the first six months of the yr, which reassures us that we’re capable of meet our targets, however after all we have now needed to be cautious and put aside [extra] provisions,” he says.

Cairo eating places are again in enterprise, however at 20 per cent capability © Ziad Ahmed/NurPhoto through Getty Pictures

Analysts and bankers say Egyptian lenders, that are typically cash-rich with low loans-to-deposit ratios, might discover income fall and dangerous loans rise.

However they anticipate banks to stay financially steady.

“We anticipate banks to extend provisions and for income to be pressured, however we anticipate them to stay worthwhile,” says Constantinos Kypreos, lead analyst for Egyptian banks at Moody’s Traders Service, the ranking company.

“Banks have entered this disaster in comparatively fine condition following a multiyear restructuring, particularly state-owned banks, which have good liquidity particularly in native forex.”

Chart showing Egypt banks pre-provisions profit

Analysis printed in September by EFG Hermes, the Cairo-based regional funding financial institution, says the seven listed banks it covers reported “stable and higher than anticipated income and pre-provisions earnings” within the second quarter of 2020.

Elena Sanchez, managing director and head of banking analysis at EFG Hermes, says financial institution income had been down 14 per cent within the second quarter yr on yr, however that it was “a really respectable efficiency”. She attributes the decline to increased provisions and a tax change launched final yr.

Elena Sanchez, managing director and head of banking research at EFG Hermes
Elena Sanchez of EFG Hermes

Not like most economies within the area, that are forecast to contract in 2020, the Egyptian economic system has been rising, although at a slower tempo than predicted earlier than the pandemic. GDP grew by 3.5 per cent within the fiscal yr ending in June — under the 5.eight per cent predicted earlier than the pandemic, the federal government mentioned in September.

Mohamed Maait, the finance minister, says he expects development to be between 2.eight and three.5 per cent within the present fiscal yr.

The Central Financial institution of Egypt launched in March a package deal of measures aimed toward supporting enterprise. These included a Three per cent lower in rates of interest and the postponement of company and private mortgage repayments for six months.

A logo sits outside the headquarters of the National Bank of Egypt in Cairo, Egypt, on Tuesday, Jan. 24, 2012.
The Financial institution of Egypt lower rates of interest by Three per cent in March © Shawn Baldwin/Bloomberg

The CBE additionally waived charges on some financial institution transactions and elevated credit score limits for firms to fund working bills. It lower charges once more twice later within the yr by a complete of 100 foundation factors.

Bankers and analysts say the deferral of repayments makes it troublesome to estimate the dimensions of non-performing loans.

“We now have adopted a cautious method in direction of provisions,” says Hussein Abaza, chief government of Business Worldwide Financial institution, a listed lender and the most important private-sector financial institution in Egypt.

Hussein Abaza of Business Worldwide Financial institution

“The very last thing you need is to understand that you’ve got underprovided for non-performing loans. I can confidently say that we have now not had a single buyer default, due to the debt standstill.”

After working fashions with possible eventualities of the pandemic’s influence on varied sectors, CIB practically quadrupled provisions, says Mr Abaza. “We wish to be ready for something. We received’t be capable of say if we over offered or underprovided till the center of subsequent yr.”

“Most banks took very prudent provisions in the course of the first half of the yr in anticipation of potential credit score high quality stress after mortgage deferrals, which led to mid-September,” says Ms Sanchez.

“Crucial consideration is that they’ve sufficient capital to soak up increased provisions and to proceed to supply credit score to the economic system; most banks are well-capitalised.”

She factors out that regardless of the discount of rates of interest, Egyptian banks make a tidy revenue lending to the federal government. “It’s nonetheless a beautiful price and entails no credit score threat nor consumption of capital,” says Ms Sanchez.

In keeping with a Moody’s report in Could, 36 per cent of banking sector loans had been in authorities securities. The pandemic has introduced Egypt’s tourism trade which accounts for nearly 5 per cent of GDP, to a near-halt.

Industries that depend on exports, resembling textiles, had been additionally broken by the pandemic, bankers say. Personal-sector borrowing has been weak and most of it has been for working bills slightly than capital expenditure, they are saying. However, some sectors have benefited, Mr Fayed argues. “Pharma, meals and beverage and know-how firms have finished nicely,” he says.

“We now have not stopped funding our shoppers, however we have now been very cautious once we lengthen new loans. We now have supported prospects in sectors that haven’t been impacted by Covid.”


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